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Scotland vs United Kingdom.

Recently, the Brexit affair has given rise to new feelings of independence in Scotland. This last, after the December elections, called for a new referendum on independence. In Glasgow, the largest city in the country, people want to stay in the EU, but leave the hated England.

The Scottish affair is not recent. In 2014, the Scots went to vote in the referendum for independence. The supporters of "No" won, but with a narrow vote gap: 55% against 45%. The Scots decided to remain in the United Kingdom, disappointing the hopes of the SNP in the government in Edinburgh. From that vote Scotland has broken down: a divided country, split in half. Today, however, it is united by the common enemy Boris Johnson.

In the 12 December elections, the Scottish Nationalist Party won 48 seats out of a total of 59, achieving great success.

On 19 December 2019, Prime Minister Nicola Sturgeon presented a bill on the day of the Queen's speech that would give Edinburgh, instead of London, the power to hold more referendums on independence. The Scotland Act of 1998 established the creation of the Scottish Parliament with the power to legislate within Scotland on matters not reserved to the central power, giving Scotland wider autonomy. According to Sturgeon, the Act must be amended to extend the powers reserved for the Government of Holyrood. Today it is up to London to decide whether to grant a referendum or not, and the position of the British Prime Minister is quite clear. Boris Johnson has no intention of agreeing to Edinburgh's request.

The Scottish Prime Minister Nicola Sturgeon immediately stated that the election results show that voters want Scotland to be able to determine its future and not to be led by a conservative government for which it did not vote and not have to accept to live outside the European Union and calling the situation "a matter of democracy", since the Scots have the right to decide their constitutional future.

Johnson is extremely unpopular in Scotland because he is considered a figure belonging to the English nationalism, which has always looked at the Scots from the top down. Brexit is equally unsympathetic, as two thirds of Scots in 2016 voted to stay in the EU and did not changed their minds. At the time, the majority had chosen to stay in a UK that was part of the EU and did not consider leaving.

Today the combative leader of the PNS is counting on the fact that Brexit has changed everything: now the prospect of being part of a Britain that is detached from the European Union is much less inviting. On the contrary, the idea of an independent Scotland, associated in some way with the EU, becomes more attractive.

Sources:

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Referendum_sull%27indipendenza_della_Scozia_del_2014

https://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/effetto-brexit-ora-scozia-vuole-l-indipendenza-restare-ue-ACgtpE5

https://www.agi.it/estero/referendum_scozia_sturgeon_johnson_brexit-6767699/news/2019-12-20/



Written by Valeriana Savino
Original article: https://mondointernazionale.com/scozia-vs-regno-unito published on 25 January 2020.

Translated by Simona M. Vallefuoco.



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  • L'Autore

    Valeriana Savino

    IT_VALERIANA SAVINO

    Valeriana Savino è una giovane studentessa di 24 anni. Nata e cresciuta in Puglia. È laureata in Scienze Politiche, Relazioni Internazionali e Studi Europei presso l’Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”.

    Attualmente frequenta il corso di laurea magistrale in Scienze delle Amministrazioni. Ritiene fortemente che il primo cambiamento necessario per il prossimo futuro sia dare un contributo attivo alla gestione dei servizi pubblici e privati.

    Ha collaborato per tre anni con l’associazione “Giovani nel Mondo” alla promozione del festival delle carriere internazionali. La promozione consisteva nell’organizzare incontri sia in italiano sia in inglese con gli studenti, conferenze con ospiti nazionali e internazionali e fornire informazioni sul festival.

    Da agosto 2019 collabora con l’associazione “Mondo Internazionale”. È autrice nell’area tematica “Diritti Umani” ed “Europa” nell’ambito di Mondo Internazionale Academy. Da novembre 2020 collabora come Policy Analist nell’analisi, ricerca e redazione di politiche pubbliche portate avanti da Mondo Internazionale Hub all’interno di MIPP, l’Incubatore di Politiche Pubbliche.

    È appassionata di diritti umani e di questioni relative all’Europa e non solo. Ascolta podcast per essere sempre aggiornata sul mondo attuale e nel tempo libero leggo libri e guardo serie TV.

    Ama viaggiare, scoprire nuove realtà e mettersi sempre alla prova.

    EN_VALERIANA SAVINO

    Valeriana Savino is a young 24 years old. She is born and raised in Puglia. She has a BA in Political Science, International Relations and European Studies at the University of Bari "Aldo Moro".

    She is currently attending the master's degree in Administration Sciences. She strongly believes that the first necessary change for the near future is to make an active contribution to the management of public and private services.

    She collaborated for three years with the "Giovani nel Mondo" association to promote the internationale career festival. The promotion consisted of organizing meetings both in Italian and in English with students, conferences with national and international guests and providing information on the festival.

    Since August 2019 she has been collaborating with the "Mondo Internazionale" association. She is an author in the thematic area "Human Rights" and "Europe" within the Mondo Internazionale Academy. Since November 2020 she has been collaborating as a Policy Analist in the analysis, research and drafting of public policies carried out by Mondo Internazionale Hub within MIPP, the Public Policy Incubator.

    She is passionate about human rights and issues relating to Europe and beyond. She listens to podcasts to keep up to date on the current world and in free time she reads books and watch TV series.

    She loves to travel, discover new realities and always test herself.

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