Israel: the beginning of a new path?

After twelve years in government Benjamin Netanyahu loses the scepter of power. With 59 members of the Knesset voting in favour and one abstention, the new government of Israel gains confidence by placing a parenthesis to the Likud era of "King Bibi". The new government is made up of an extremely heterogeneous group of political parties, ranging from the secular left to the national-conservative right, passing through an Arab party. After two years of institutional political stalemate and four electoral cycles, Israel begins a new path. The novelties and unknowns surrounding the new executive are numerous, this may be one of the shortest or most unusual governments in the history of the country.

So let’s see how it was born and what challenges the new alliance of government faces.

A new and varied alliance

After tough negotiations and within hours of the end of his term of office, Yair Lapid - head of the largest opposition party - manages to make an agreement with the national-conservative Naftali Bennett, leader of Yamina. Emulating Netanyahu’s previous strategy with Blue and White’s Benny Gantz, the head of the centrist party offered a shift to head the executive, proposing the first two years to the head of Yamina.

With Bennett’s acceptance, a new government was born that welcomed within itself two left-wing parties, Labour and Meretz, two centrist parties, Yesht Atid and the Blue and White Party of the former Chief of Staff of the Israeli Defence Forces and three former allies of Netanyahu. Among these is the leader of Israel Beitenu, Avigdor Lieberman, famous for his marked nationalism and his fierce anticlericalism. Born in Moldova and mainly representing the Russian-speaking community, Lieberman is opposed to a series of privileges granted to the ultra-orthodox population, such as exemption from military service.

Always right, but slightly more moderate than Bibi’s Likud, there is Gideon Sa'ar’s New Hope, who escaped from Netanyahu’s party after having definitively lost the fight for leadership against it. But the right-most figure in the coalition turns out to be the new prime minister. Bennett, in fact, ideologically stands on the right of Netanyahu himself and will be the chief executive of the history of Israel to wear the kippah. The leader of Yamina is an observant religious and also for this he was accused of treason by ultra-orthodox parties that, because of his alliance with the left and an Arab Islamist party, accused him of undermining the security and very foundations of the State of Israel.

Further novelty is the participation in the government alliance of the Arab Conservative party Ra'am, led by Mansour Abbas, who left the coalition of Arab-Israeli parties. Similar to Bennett, Abbas also received numerous criticisms and was challenged for his alliance with the Nationalist Right. He paid for his political pragmatism by accusing himself of being a traitor to the Palestinian cause. It seems, however, that in return for his support he managed to secure tens of billions of investments for the Arab-Israeli communities of the country, which suffer from numerous economic and social problems.

A government meant to last?

The new government immediately received the warm support of the Democratic tenant in the White House. Biden called Bennett in a few hours to congratulate him, while relations with former Prime Minister Netanyahu remained cold throughout the first months of the new American president’s term.

There are, however, two great unknowns that weigh on the stability and longevity of the executive: the high ideological heterogeneity and the newly elected Iranian conservative leadership.

The great difference of ideas and programs could lead the various coalition actors to defect if dissatisfied, otherwise it could encourage agreements to the downside by all to save the integrity of the alliance. In any case, the results may disappoint the expectations of many, safeguarding only the new status quo, namely the ousting of Netanyahu from the government. Otherwise, if one of the members were to grant too much respect to his own program, he would know to pay the bill at the next elections. The three former allies of Netanyahu are the main components of the alliance to find themselves in this uncomfortable position.

In addition, the new Iranian Presidency, more hostile to Israel than the previous one, could lead to a further hardening of the positions between the two regional contenders and escalation that would force a fragile and divided government to face together a strategic priority of extreme importance, the containment of Persian power.

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  • L'Autore

    Michele Magistretti

    Mi chiamo Michele Magistretti, classe 1997, nato a Milano ma residente a Buccinasco.

    Dopo aver ottenuto il diploma di maturità linguista al liceo civico Alessandro Manzoni, ho conseguito la laurea triennale in Scienze Politiche presso l'Università Statale di Milano dove attualmente frequento il corso magistrale di Relazioni Internazionali. Appassionato di Storia fin da bambino ho maturato negli anni una passione per la Geopolitica e le Relazioni Internazionali.

    In Mondo Internazionale ricopro il ruolo di relatore nel progetto di "Framing the World", nel quale mi occupo della sezione MENA.

    My name is Michele Magistretti, born in 1997 in Milan but resident in Buccinasco.

    After obtaining a high school diploma in linguistics at the Alessandro Manzoni civic high school, I took a three-year degree in Political Science at the State University of Milan, where I am currently attending the master's course in International Relations. Passionate about history since I was a child, over the years I have developed a passion for Geopolitics and International Relations.

    At Mondo Internazionale I am an author in the "Framing the World" report, in which I write about the MENA section.


From the World Middle East & North Africa Sections Society Framing the World


#israele #Israel #politics #politica #medioriente #middle east

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