The Ankara's path: between mediation and new revisionist impulses

In the last months Turkey faced a troubled period from an economic point of view and the inner politics is in a mess. Ankara has to face an increasing inflation and new challenges that appear to her in many regional, near territories. If from one side Turkey is become promoter of some diplomatic initiatives of mediation, on the other side she keeps to assume an ambigous behaviour and comes back to use the hard power beyond her own borders. 

So let's see how this contraditory path has developped and which sees the anatolic country behaves in a different way regarding to the different strategic scenario in which she is involved.

A contradictory strategy: between mediation and revisionist temptations

Ankara is trying to exploit the Ukrainian conflict for multiple purposes. While on the one hand she tries to promote mediation between the warring parties for the resolution of the war, on the other hand she is continuing her revisionist agenda in neighboring countries.

Turkey is certainly one of the key players in the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. While she has taken on the role of an honest diplomatic broker, she continues to supply Kiev militarily, but at the same time has taken a softer line than the West on sanctions. Despite having closed the airspace to Russian civilian and military flights to Syria and blocked the Straits, according to the dictates of the Montreux Convention, it has not imposed sanctions on Russian oligarchs and their assets in the country. Ankara thus tries to preserve relations with Kiev and the relationship with Moscow, trying at the same time to mend with its Western allies, France and the USA in particular

Despite the efforts made to show a change of pace and approach in the management of its foreign policy, Ankara continues to take an aggressive attitude towards Greece. Since mid-April, the violations of Greek airspace by the Turkish military aviation on some islands of the Aegean Sea have continued unabated. Several officials of Hellenic diplomacy and Prime Minister Mitsotakis himself have complained about these violations of Greek sovereignty in various institutional fora at the international and regional level. 

Furthermore, since the second half of April, Ankara has conducted a new offensive in Iraqi Kurdistan, hitting numerous PKK targets. The Turkish leadership justified this escalation as a preventive action to avert a possible large-scale offensive by the Kurdish terrorist group. The timing chosen for this new operation seems to be due to the desire to strategically capitalize the "distraction" of Western allies and to promote forceful action to be resold to internal public opinion.

Instead, Ankara's efforts for reconciliation with the Gulf countries and Israel continue. According to some Palestinian sources, Ankara is expelling some members of the Hamas military wing from its territory. In this way, the Anatolian country tries to lend a hand to its Israeli counterpart in the process of rapprochement, which however could be undermined by the moment of internal tension that the Jewish state is going through.

Also in the context of the thaw of internal relations in the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Turkish president embarked on a trip to Saudi Arabia, the last visit dates back to 2017. Earlier this month, Ankara allowed the transfer of the trial to Riyadh to Riyadh. murder of the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, a dossier on which the two countries had bitterly opposed and clashed in the past. Given the moment of economic fragility in the country, the Turkish president tries to mend relations with the rich monarchies of the Gulf in order to obtain financial aid, also in view of the elections of 2023.

Consulted sources for this article: 


Translated by Veronica Luzzi 

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  • L'Autore

    Michele Magistretti

    Mi chiamo Michele Magistretti, classe 1997, nato a Milano ma residente a Buccinasco.

    Dopo aver ottenuto il diploma di maturità linguista al liceo civico Alessandro Manzoni, ho conseguito la laurea triennale in Scienze Politiche presso l'Università Statale di Milano dove attualmente frequento il corso magistrale di Relazioni Internazionali. Appassionato di Storia fin da bambino ho maturato negli anni una passione per la Geopolitica e le Relazioni Internazionali.

    In Mondo Internazionale ricopro il ruolo di relatore nel progetto di "Framing the World", nel quale mi occupo della sezione MENA.

    My name is Michele Magistretti, born in 1997 in Milan but resident in Buccinasco.

    After obtaining a high school diploma in linguistics at the Alessandro Manzoni civic high school, I took a three-year degree in Political Science at the State University of Milan, where I am currently attending the master's course in International Relations. Passionate about history since I was a child, over the years I have developed a passion for Geopolitics and International Relations.

    At Mondo Internazionale I am an author in the "Framing the World" report, in which I write about the MENA section.


From the World Middle East & North Africa Sections International Security Framing the World


#turkey #turchia #geopolitica #geopolitics #Medio oriente #middle east #israele #Israel #GCC

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