Framing The World, XXII edition

A review of the main world events

This week, too, we are trying to bring order to an increasingly hectic world. In this first edition of November:

  • - Bosco Ntaganda sentenced to 30 years for war crimes in Congo and Turkey which represses opponents of the invasion of Syria;
  • - China and USA closer to a trade agreement and the merger between Peugeot and FCA;
  • - Africa in the double grip of an extreme drought and violent floods;
  • - A new (potentially favored) candidate among the US democrats, while in Venezuela the Russian influence increases and in Brazil Lula returns to freedom;
  • - The truce in Ukraine is strengthened, but the country is damaged by the final Danish approval of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline;
  • - Tensions in Iraq and Lebanon are not appeased, despite the resignation of Hariri;
  • - ISIS proclaimed its new leader and meanwhile have been captured members of the family of al Baghdadi.

But this is just a taste, much more awaits you in this new issue of Framing the World.


The number of killed journalists has increased by 18% in the past five years. According to the UNESCO Report adopted on the occasion of the Fifth Edition of the International Day to End Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists, the killings of journalists have increased by 18% in the past five years. According to estimates, 55% of the murders took place in non-war countries and almost 90% of those responsible for the killings were not punished.

Brazil, mercenaries continue to kill "guardians of the forest" and activists for the indigenous peoples’ rights. In the past days, mercenaries hired by the agrarian groups have murdered Paul Paulino Guajajara and Laércio Gajajara, two "guardians of the forest" and activists for the indigenous peoples’ rights. They are only the last victims of a systematic massacre, endorsed by the president of the country, Bolsonaro. In the recent years, the war for land control has become a constant in many South American countries: few days ago, the narcos have killed five natives in Colombia, who were part of a government commission charged with carrying out surveys for road construction and other infrastructures.

Democratic Republic of Congo, Bosco Ntaganda "the Terminator" sentenced to 30 years by the International Criminal Court. On November, 7, the International Criminal Court sentenced Bosco Ntaganda, the former head of a rebel armed group in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (also known as "the Terminator"), to 30 years in prison. Judged guilty of war crimes – and in particular of the crimes of murder, rape and sexual enslavement – Ntaganda's sentence is the longest ever issued by the ICC.

Italy, the Senate approves the establishment of a Commission against hate. In the past days, the Italian Senate approved by a large majority the motion for the establishment of an extraordinary commission to combat the phenomena of intolerance, racism, anti-Semitism and instigation to hatred and violence, which was strongly demanded by the Senator for life Liliana Segre. At the time of the vote, however, 98 senators from the parties of Lega, Forza Italia and Fratelli d’Italia abstained. Meanwhile, in light of the over 200 hate messages received every day by the Senator Liliana Segre, the Prefecture of Milan has decided to assign her an escort, to protect her from possible anti-Semitic attacks.

Turkey, hundreds of people arrested for criticizing the military offensive in Syria. Turkish authorities have arrested hundreds of people who have criticized the military incursion in Syria, in the attempt to suppress the freedom of press in the country. Journalists, social media users and protesters have indeed been accused of terrorism and incitement to hatred and enmity. After being subjected to investigations, arbitrary detentions and travel bans abroad, they risk being sentenced to very serious prison sentences. Among them, there are also members of the Democratic People's Party (HDP), leftist and pro-Kurdish, as well as members of left-wing unions.

Marta Stroppa


China-USA, towards a resolution. The phase of relaxation in trade relations between the US and China continues. A spokesman for the Chinese Ministry of Commerce has announced that the parties have agreed to phase out the tariffs. Although Trump has denied that he has agreed to such a move and there remains a gap on the most critical issue for the U.S., namely the protection of intellectual property, diplomats are defining the details and the location where the agreement will be signed (probably not before December). Wall Street takes advantage of it all to close at historical records, helped by the 128,000 jobs created in October, GDP above expectations and the improvement of the trade deficit.

China-USA, an analysis. Let's stay on the subject of trade war for a deeper analysis. The duties decided by President Trump initially damaged American consumers, who were affected by higher prices. In recent months, however, more than half of the products taxed have seen their supply chains shift from China to countries such as Taiwan, Korea and Mexico to avoid duties. These maintain a negative effect on the United States, due to the economic uncertainty they cause and because the products are not purchased by the first choice supplier (China), but the flexibility of American companies’ supply chain has allowed the U.S. to moderate the effects of the trade war and to have an advantage in the negotiations with China.

Saudi Aramco, a billionaire IPO. The listing on the stock exchange of the state-owned oil company, which represents about 12% of the world market, will finally become a reality. Prince Bin Salman has decided that 2% of the company will be listed on the Riyadh stock exchange, for a value of $30-35 billion. This would value the company between $1,500 and 1700 billion, down from an estimated $2,000 billion, but enough to make it the largest listed company in the world. However, investors are concerned about the limited guarantees offered to minority shareholders and the funding target could be missed if more favorable terms are not guaranteed to foreign investors, which is not very simple for the domestic political repercussions they will cause.

FCA and PSA, merger or acquisition? The two brands have announced that they will conclude an equal merger, creating the fourth largest manufacturer in the world. After the failed agreement with Renault, FCA worked under track and only when the agreement was reached the news was made public. The two groups aim for synergies of €3.8 billion per year, with mutual benefits such as sharing the electrified platforms developed by Peugeot and the FCA sales network in North America. However, it remains doubtful whether the transaction is actually an acquisition of FCA by PSA, as the 6 Peugeot members against 5 FCA members and the opposite reaction on the stock exchange (negative for PSA, positive for FCA), would suggest.

Germany and France, change at the helm? Although the German economy is recovering, with industrial orders growing by 1.3% after two consecutive months of decline, Germany can’t keep up with France, the new European locomotive according to Bloomberg. The French GDP will grow this year by 1.3% compared to 0.5 for Germany and the trend will continue for the next years, even though the distance in terms of public debt will remain for a long time. The causes are to be found in a lower dependence on exports and Macron’s reforms: the cut of corporate tax increased foreign investment and created many new jobs.

Tech, opposite positions. The Q3 results of tech companies have been published. Apple sees sales of iPhones falling by 8%, but more than compensates it with the 18% growth in services. Twitter misses the expectations on revenues and profits and goes down more than 20% on the stock exchange. The company has informed that it has had problems in customizing ads and that it will not sell political ads for the 2020 Elections. Facebook instead runs at full speed, with active users active and revenues up by 8% and 29%, and takes the opportunity offered by Twitter, announcing that it will keep political advertising but with a task force committed to ensuring the safety and transparency of election campaigns.

Leonardo Aldeghi


Burkina Faso, not just the local population. The attack on a convoy carrying the employees of a Canadian mining exploration company, the Semafo, on Thursday, 7 November, represents a significant development. The provisional report speaks of the deaths of 37 people, including members of the escort, and more than 60 injured and missing. Up to now, the attacks had involved the inhabitants of small villages near the centre and north of Burkina Faso.

Faces of the same coin. News of the last few weeks are those that speak of two phenomena that are currently rampant in large regions of the African continent: drought and flooding. According to some figures, 45 million people are at extreme risk of food insecurity in the south-eastern region of the continent: South Africa, Zimbabwe and Zambia. The situation is quite different with regard to the central zone involving Ghana, Nigeria, Somalia, Cameroon, the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of Congo, which are suffering from severe flooding. Already 30,000 would be homeless in the DRC.

Lack of electricity. The figures reported by Africa News speak of about 600 million people currently without electricity in Africa. The International Energy Agency has published a study that points out that even in 2030 530 million people in Africa will remain in these conditions if the rate of investment is not maintained at 2.5% of GDP, for a total of 120 billion dollars.

Mali, when the militias are leaving. The Secretary General of the High Council for Unity of Azawad said on 26 October that the situation in the country and the need to respond to the demands of the population are pushing them to create a political platform. The group includes the leaders of a series of militias that in 2012 unilaterally declared the independence of this territory from Mali, starting the outbreak of civil war.

Marcello Alberizzi


Mexico, the arrest of Ovid Guzman Lopez. The police has managed to arrest the son of the well-known drug trafficker El Chapo, Ovid Guzman Lopez, in the state of Sinaloa. The narcos, immediately after the capture of El Chapo's son detained in the United States, unleashed a real guerrilla warfare until the authorities were forced to release the Lopez. On November 8, however, there was a real execution of an agent who participated in the raid. The agent, who was travelling in a white car, was flanked and riddled with shots in 30 seconds. President Trump of the United States, following numerous clashes in Mexico, announced his intention to fight the drug cartels together with the Mexican authorities. Meanwhile, the famous wall between the two countries, which had the task of blocking the illegal immigrants but also the cartels, proves to be a failure because in several places have been created real openings with simple hardware saws.

United States of America, a new phase in the war on duties. The United States seem ready to remove duties from China to the value of 112 billion dollars. The signing could take place next to the meeting of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) in Brasilia on 13 or 14 November, or directly in Washington DC. This is happening, while the former mayor of New York, Michael Bloomberg, manifests his intentions to run for democracy for the presidency of the United States. Meanwhile, on 4 November 2019, Mike Pompeo, US Secretary of State, announced via Twitter the start of legislative procedures to withdraw from the Paris Agreement and officially notified the United Nations of his intention to withdraw. The procedure will last about a year and will be concluded after the 2020 elections of the US President, giving the possibility of withdrawal of the notice of withdrawal. The new candidate Michael Bloomberg has already expressed his interest in continuing to respect the Paris Agreement.

Michele Pavan


Brazil, the eleventh BRICS summit. On 13 and 14 November, a multitude of multilateral and bilateral summits are held between the party countries: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. At the summit will attend for China Xi Jinping announced Vice Minister Ma Zhaoxu. The Chinese President will hold bilateral meetings with different leaders for a broader and shared line of cooperation between partners. Meanwhile, in the country was released former Brazilian President Lula who was serving since April 2018 a sentence of 8 years and 10 months for corruption. The former Brazilian president is the opponent most feared by the current President Bolsonaro because despite the two sentences of corruption and money laundering, when he leaves power has a rate of popularity above 80%.

Chile, an excessive use of force. The Government of Sebastian Pinera is accused by the United Nations Group of experts of excessive use of force, widely violating the requirement of necessity and proportionality. There is talk of 20 deaths and about 1600 injuries in less than a month. This is alarming given that, in many cases, abuses against boys and girls can be referred to as mistreatment and beatings, to the extent that in some cases they can constitute torture offences. Meanwhile, the Seventh Criminal Court of Santiago has accepted a complaint against Pinera for crimes against humanity, initiating an ad hoc investigation.

Venezuela, aid from Moscow. It seems that between May 2018 and September 2019, 315 million dollars in cash arrived in the country through six different flights operated by the Russian Federation. Meanwhile, evidence seems to emerge of Guaidò's ties with a narco-paramilitary group from nearby Colombia while in the second city of the country Chinquinquirà the statue of Chinita, the Virgin patron saint of the city, is replaced by that of former President Hugo Chavez. Instead, the current president of Venezuela Nicolas Maduro has explicitly said that the country must be transformed into a crypto-nation, stating that there would already be 3 million savers who have responded by showing their willingness to invest in the state crypto currency.

Michele Pavan e Mario Ghioldi


China, the fourth plenum. The fourth plenary session (plenary) of the 19th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (28-31 October) met to discuss Hong Kong, its historically low GDP and perceived international resistance to what Xi Jinping has called a "New Age". Russia and China are talking about the creation of an integrated early-warning missile system, for which 60 million seem to have already been allocated. Without commenting on their questionable practical utility for the defence of the reciprocal nations, the relations between the two intensify in contrast to a common systemic adversary: the USA. China will allocate 360 million dollars to Tajikistan. The funds will be invested in improving motorway infrastructure in accordance with the development of the BIS.

Japan, question of summit. The meeting to be held during the APEC summit in Santiago de Chile at the beginning of November between Putin and Abe Shinzo will not take place since the Chilean government has cancelled the meeting due to the internal situation. The theme was to be the Kurili and a bilateral peace treaty. Abe is expected to visit China between December 23 and 25, after meeting Xi Jinping on December 23 in Beijing. Meanwhile, a senior North Korean officer, according to NHK, threatened Japan with firing a missile on it.

South Korea, deporting North Koreans. South Korea deported two North Korean fishermen suspected of killing 16 of their crew before fleeing to the country as refugees. Moon and Abe met at the Asean summit in Bangkok, Thailand, on November 4 to discuss how to settle the dispute between the two. On Thursday, October 31, North Korea would launch a missile that sank in the waters of South Korea and Japan.

India, a corridor for the pilgrims. The Kartarpur Sahib corridor, which allows Sikh pilgrims to enter Pakistani territory from Punjab without a visa to go to one of the shrines most sacred to them, was opened on November 9 by mutual agreement between the two states. The Indian Army will undertake a massive military exercise starting November 13 to November 18 near Pakistan border in Barmer district of Rajasthan.

Stefano Sartorio


United Kingdom, the issue of Brexit is complicated. Boris Johnson failed to bring the country out of the EU on October 31st. The European Union has granted an extension of another three months, or until January 2020. The British prime minister has proposed to go to early elections and, after a bitter confrontation, the Labor leader Corbyn has accepted. Voting will take place on 12 December and, as many claim, the position of the parties on Brexit will be crucial to guide the electorate. Most likely, neither Labor nor Tory will have the majority to govern without external support.

France, Macron ditches NATO. In an interview with the Economist, the French president surprised everyone with his statements about NATO. The organization has been described as "brain dead". The cause of this would be the foreign policy pursued by Trump in recent years and the chaos generated by the Turkish initiative in Syria. Macron, in fact, has always made it clear that he prefers an increase in European integration with the creation of a common army. Germany and the United States have not shared the declaration of the French President, while Moscow has agreed.

Italy, the Mittal case puts the government in crisis. ArcelorMittal, the Indian steel giant, said it wanted to withdraw the contract it had signed with the previous governments to relaunch the Ilva of Taranto. The decision would have matured after the government announced that it wanted to cancel the penal shield. Ilva has a troubled history: despite being the largest steelworks in Europe, it has faced moments of great crisis in recent years that put the work of the 14,000 employees at risk. The government began negotiations with the giant to resolve the situation.

Segre’s event in Italy show that hate and intolerance are true and concrete. The senator for life had proposed a parliamentary commission against hate, anti semitism, racism and violence, but now it seems that she is going to change her mind. It all started in this way. Liliana Segre, survivor of the Nazi’s lager, she had pleaded what seems to be the cause of all. A parliamentary commission in order to fight and defeat the same feelings that gave life to the tragedy of the Shoah. She was wrong. The prefecture of Milan has assigned to the senator a police escort in order to protect her from possible attacks. The approval of the commission has increased tensions widespread in the country. Perhaps this is the signal that all over the European community is fundamental to keep alive memory in order to prevent certain horrors from happening again and for certain behaviors to spread.

Spain, five candidates for the new elections. Spain is facing the political elections. There are five candidates that fight in order to become the next Prime Minister, now held by Pedro Sanchez. Pablo Casado, leader of the Popular Party, Pedro Sanchez Prime Minister on charge and leader of the Spanish Socialist Worker Party, Santiago Abascal, leader of Vox, the Far-Right party, Pablo Iglesias leader of Unidas Podemos and Albert Riviera, leader of Ciudadanos, center right movement. These the names of the opponents. The Catalan question and immigration will be the most important issue for this election. Who will be able to manage and suggest the best solutions for these two themes, probably will win the pool. 

Germany, thirty years after the falling of the Berlin wall. The 9th of November 1989 falling the symbol of the division in Germany, the symbol of the Cold war and the polarized world. For almost 30 years, from 1961, that structure has done victims, divided families. The wall separated two regimes, the first one was expression of the U.S and western democracy. The second one, the totalitarianism of DDR, was the representation of communism and of the Soviet world in Europe. That was the signal, the final step for the European integration that finally will be sanctioned in the 1992 with the Maastricht treaty. That was a historical moment for Europe. From that moment the EU became a united power, with her (wide) limits. After that rebirth Germany in few years became the engine of the newborn European Union.

Leonardo Cherici and Dario Pone


United States and Russia, a new beginning? President Vladimir Putin has invited its counterpart Donald Trump to attend the next historical military parade for the celebration of the Victory Day, the anniversary of the defeat of Nazi Germany, which will be held on May 2020 in Moscow. Trump has said to be willing to accept Putin’s invite, despite being conscious that the event will take place during the electoral campaign for the next presidential elections in the United States. An eventual participation of Donald Trump would represent a significant sign from Washington to Moscow, since the last official visit of a U.S. President in Russia is recalled to be the one happened in 2013 during the Obama administration. Is this the beginning of a new period of normalization of the relationship between the two countries, considering also the positive remarks given by Trump to Putin during the last G20?

The worrying report about Russian influence in the UK. During one of the most difficult time for the UK, emerges a new and obscure fact that could worsen even more the political situation in the country. A report of UK’s intelligence and counter espionage has made the existence of a network of government officials, involved into an operation to let Russia extend its influence to the heart of UK’s national institutions, a matter of public domain and a serious problem for Downey Street. Furthermore, the dissolution of the Parliament requested by Boris Johnson has made impossibile to present such report, elaborated by the Intelligence and Security Committee, to political representatives. After the United States, now the UK has to face the phantom of Russia within its borders too.

Ukraine, OSCE is monitoring while military withdrawals go on. The withdrawal of Ukrainian and rebels troops has begun also in the territory of Petrivske, as confirmed by Ageyev, representative of the OSCE Mission for the surveillance and monitoring of the Ukrainian conflict. Despite the news of 11 attacks by rebels forces against Ukrainian military posts, the cease fire required to set a new round of peace talks between Kiev and Moscow seems to have been taken seriously, as there are not any more news regarding new clashes since the midnight of Saturday 9th, as reported by the Ukrainian information agency UNIAN. The hope now is that the cease fire will last to allow the complete withdrawal of all forces from the combat zones.

Baltics: Russia remains the number one threat, Lithuania says. Lithuania’s Minister of Defense Raimundas Karoblis, during the meeting held between NATO’s Ministers of Defense in Brussels, has stated that Russia still represents the number one threat to the security of the Baltic region, and that NATO’s deterrence capabilities remain a fundamental element to contain Moscow’s influence in Baltic countries. Karoblis has now invited the Atlantic Alliance to perform regular military exercises to enhance air defense systems, which represents the biggest weakness in Baltic’s security.

Ukraine cut off from the Russian’s strategy of gas lane. Progress in the negotiations of the new and controversial pipeline between Russia and Germany, the Nord Stream 2. The Danish approval has given green light to the construction of the structure that will pass on the Danish continental shelf for 147 km. The Russian’s gas furniture will be doubled and in this way the lane of provision of gas from Ukraine to Europe would be pointless. In the meanwhile, negotiations between Russia Ukraine and EU goes ahead, without success, with opposite positions. In this scenery Angela Merkel is covering the interests of Ukraine. She has underlined to Vladimir Putin that the completion of the Nord Stream 2 is inextricably linked to the maintenance of Ukrainian supplies to Europe. In order to be sure that everybody understand the situation, Volodymyr Zelenskiy has underscore that these furnishings are fundamental for the future of Ukraine.

The absence of the European Union in the Balkans leave space to other influences. Relation between the European Union and some of the states in the Balkans are very delicate. This time, after the International forum for the cooperation between Europe and the Arab league held in Greece, the Serbian’s Prime Minister Ana Brnabić has expressed her concerns about the European integration path of her country. At the end of October, the EU has stopped the negotiates for the negotiations of entry into the community of Northern Macedonia and Albania, and this is not a good signal for Serbia. On the other side, the European members fear that due to these obstacles, Serbia gets too close to Moscow and Beijing. In fact, Serbia has signed a new deal of free exchange with the Eurasian Economic Union in Moscow, and this increasing those concerns. Moreover, Serbia has just opened her frontiers to the Chinese’s investments, rising the EU doubts about this issue.

Hungary asks for a withdrawal mechanism from the Euro. Strong declaration from the governor of the Hungarian central bank Gyorgy Matolcsy. In the day in which Christine Lagarde, president of the BCE, start her mandate, Matolcsy has criticized very hard the European currency. The Hungarian minister goes on, asking for a withdrawal mechanism for his country. He has defined the Euro like a trap. During his interview he said that, neither at the beginning, any conditions for introduce the unitarian currency had not been respected. He expresses other stricture, towards the EU and the starting goal that she has not been able to reach. The euro thus becomes a French trap to contain the German revival, and the vain fantasy of competition with the United States of America from an economic-financial point of view.

Andrea Maria Vassallo, Mario Ghioldi e Dario Pone


Iraq, the end of the protests seems increasingly distant. The death toll is rising (currently 260), clashes between Iraqi security forces and anti-government Protestants and their demands for more services and opportunities are increasing. However, in Baghdad, no decision has yet been taken to make a substantial change of course. Iraqi Prime Minister Abel Abdul Mahdi has announced that the government will issue important reforms in the coming days. At the same time, he reiterated that, even if the street protests act as a matrix force for reformism, everything will have to be followed by a return to normality.

Lebanon, despite the resignation of Hariri, the popular discontent is not appeased. Similar to the Iraqi situation, protests also continue in Lebanon, where the popular mobilization underway in several cities has been enriched in recent days by the presence of thousands of students. This happens despite the fact that Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri has decided to step aside, thus satisfying - in his opinion - the demands of the demonstrators. However, it is difficult to think that a government reshuffle is enough to calm the situation; having taken to the streets at first against the introduction of new taxes, now the demonstrators are calling for a substantial change in the system which (as the facts tell us) no longer works.

Yemen, agreement between government and separatists of the south. Following the signing in Riyadh of an agreement aimed at restoring peace to the country, an initial meeting took place between Yemeni President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and the leader of the Transitional Council of South Aidarus al-Zubaidi. The pact is a step forward in the attempt to stabilize the conflict-torn country; the agreement provides for a division of powers with the entry of separatists into government. Optimism about future events is reflected in the words of Saudi Prince Mohammed bin Salman to the parties: "This agreement will inaugurate a new period of stability in Yemen. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is with you”. However, the war against the pro-Sciiti and pro-Iranian rebels, the Huthi, continues with no room for improvement.

Iran, the race for uranium enrichment continues. The Iranian authorities are proceeding with the dismantling of all those considered key steps in the 2015 nuclear agreement. In fact, Iranian President Hassan Rohani has decided that the National Atomic Energy Agency should increase uranium enrichment to 5%. In addition, construction of two new nuclear power plants in the southern province of Bushehr will begin shortly. On the security front, Iranian agencies report the shooting down of a foreign drone (the nationality is not yet known) in the south-west of the country, near the port city of Mahshahr on the Persian Gulf.

Vincenzo Battaglia e Federica Sulpizio


Isis confirms the death of al Baghdadi and proclaims its new leader. On Thursday, October 31, the new spokesman of the Islamic State, Abu Hamza al-Qurashi, made official the death of the "Caliph" and the previous spokesman (Abul-Hasan al-Muhajir). In addition to the confirmation of this news, the appointment of the new leader of the IS, Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi, has also been announced. His name is a battle name that cannot currently be traced back to a specific profile (and face). In addition, the Daesh spokesman's statement does not add any relevant details on the new "Caliph", except for his experience in combat and his religious skills.

Al Baghdadi's sister and wife captured. On 5 November, the sister of the now deceased al Baghdadi, Rasmiya Awad, was arrested in Azaz (in north-west Syria) by the pro-Turkish rebels. The Turkish authorities have stated that this arrest can provide "valuable intelligence" about the Islamic State. A few days later, Erdogan announced that his country had also captured a wife of al Baghdadi (he had 4), without however specifying details on his identity and operation.

Jordan, ambush in Jerash. On November 6, 8 people were stabbed and injured in Jerash, a town near the capital Amman and known for its Roman archaeological site. According to the Ministry of Health, six foreign tourists, a safety officer and a guide were injured. Witnesses reported that the attacker (who was immediately arrested) was dressed in black and his face covered like an Isis militant. Jordan has experienced a boom in the tourism sector in recent years and tour operators point to it as the safest destination in the Middle East.

EU-New Zealand counter-terrorism agreement. The European Commission pushes for the green light from the EU Council to start negotiations with New Zealand that will allow the mutual sharing of information on a large amount of personal data. This agreement stems from the need to have data in common as terrorist networks operate by moving from one international border to another and Europe is aware of this and is determined to create more and more agreements with non-EU countries. On the other hand, New Zealand signed, a month after the terrorist attack in the two Christchurch flies, a working agreement with the EU's crime-fighting agency, Europol, which established the beginning of strategic and cooperative relations between the two parties.

Iraq, 5 Italian military wounded. On November 10, a handmade explosive device is detonated during the passage of a team of Italian special forces in Iraq. 5 soldiers were injured (3 in serious condition but not life-threatening) and immediately transported to a hospital in Baghdad.

Laura Vaccaro Senna e Vincenzo Battaglia


UN - United Nations. Nigeria's Humanitarian Coordinator Edward Kallon issued a report on Boko Haram stating that currently 1.2 million people are trapped in areas controlled by the jihadist terrorist organization. Meanwhile, on the climate change front, after the announcement of the withdrawal of the United States from the Paris Accords, the UN global climate summit has been announced and will be held from 2 to 13 December in Madrid. This was announced by Patricia Espinosa, the UN's head of climate affairs, following the difficult situation in Chile, who would not be able to host the summit.

Michele Pavan

Framing The World is a project conceived and created by the collaboration between members of the team of Mondo Internazionale associates.

Andrea Maria Vassallo: East - Europe and Russia Federation

Dario Pone: West Europe and European Union

Federica Sulpizio: Middle East and North Africa

Laura Vaccaro Senna: Terrorism and International Security

Leonardo Aldeghi: Economy and International Finance

Leonardo Cherici: West Europe and European Union

Marcello Alberizzi: Sub-Saharan Africa

Mario Ghioldi: South America, West Europe and Russia Federation

Marta Stroppa: Human Rights

Michele Pavan: North America, South America, Oceania and International Organizations

Stefano Sartorio: Asia and Far East

Vincenzo Battaglia: Middle East and North Africa; Terrorism and International Security

Translated by: Andrea Maria Vassallo, Dario Pone, Federica Sulpizio, Laura Vaccaro Senna, Leonardo Aldeghi, Leonardo Chierici, Marcello Alberizzi, Mario Ghioldi, Marta Stroppa, Michele Pavan, Stefano Sartorio, Vincenzo Battaglia, Simona Maria Vallefuoco.

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Economia Internazionale finanza internazionale Africa Americhe Europa Medio Oriente terrorismo Geopolitica

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