"The UK's exit from the European Union has always been as predictable as its entry into the EEC. It has always been just a matter of time and geopolitical, global and European balances." [1]

Ambassadors to the EU approved the principles for transparency in post-Brexit negotiations on 22 January and, only two days later, Presidents Charles Michel and Ursula Von Der Leyen signed the withdrawal agreement. Subsequently, in London, the document was signed by Prime Minister Boris Johnson who called it "a fantastic moment for the country".

The European Parliament will therefore vote on the agreement on 29 January 2020. Once the Parliament has given its consent, the Council will adopt, by written procedure, the decision on the conclusion of the agreement on behalf of the EU. The withdrawal agreement, once adopted, will enter into force at the time of exit, i.e. on 31 January 2020 at midnight. The UK will remain in the EU single market and customs union, but in none of the decision-making bodies, until the end of 2020.

The Westminster Parliament had already given its final approval, paving the way for the historic exit of the UK. The agreement reached by Boris Johnson with Brussels already has the force of law in the UK since the monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, signed it under the European Union Withdrawal Agreement Act, which concluded the parliamentary ratification process in Westminster three years and seven months after the 2016 referendum.

"At times it felt like we would never cross the Brexit finish line, but we've done it," B. Johnson.

In this regard, looking back over this three year period of negotiations we can find multiple analyses that underline on the mistakes that have been made. First of all, Prime Minister Cameron's call for a referendum on leaving or remaining in the EU, the adoption of the single transferable vote that made extremist sides win, and finally, the fact that an executive was approved without the parties having first written a shared and accepted plan for the future.
Nevertheless, these are erroneous convictions; that of error, in politics, is a wrong concept. In order to be able to claim that one decision is wrong, it is necessary to show that another is right, but here comes into play realism and the heterogeneity of aims, that simply remind us that, in politics, good does not necessarily descend from good and evil does not necessarily descend from evil.
Let us be aware, however, that after 31 January, the United Kingdom will leave this Union, in which there will remain states that have given birth to such personalities as Robespierre, Napoleon, Hitler, Mussolini, Franco, Salazar, Ceausescu, Tito and Milošević. The state that gave us democracy will leave.

By Giada Pagnoni

[1] L. W. Bellocchio, The hit men of peace, p.138

Original article: published on 29 January 2020.

Translated by Simona Maria Vallefuoco.

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