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Civil rights violated in the United States of America

In the United States of America, the civil rights of African-American citizens are constantly being violated and deprived of their content. Racial tensions are not new in the United States. Until the 1960s, segregationist legislation was in force in many southern US states. American segregationist racism was a mixture of ideological belief in white supremacy and racial differentialism, based on the idea that supposed 'races' thrive best if they do not mix. It was only thanks to the bold action of activists such as Martin Luther King and Rosa Sparks that it was possible to overcome this state of affairs and give birth to a great civil rights movement. Even the Supreme Court of the United States dismantled segregationist legislation, declaring it outlawed and contrary to the supreme norms expressed in the country's Constitution.

In recent years we are witnessing a new and strong attack especially by the American police on the African-American community. The murder of George Floyd has reignited a national and international debate on what it means to be black in America, as it has also upset part of the European community. Floyd's death brought to light the Black Lives Matter movement, which is committed to combating social and political racism against African-American people, consisting not only of black people but also of white people. The death occurred on 25 May 2020, and less than a year later, Derek Chauvin, the policeman who choked George when he begged to let him breathe, was convicted of being three times guilty.

Another incident of police misuse of force occurred in January 2021, in Rochester, New York State. This time, the protagonist was an African-American girl of just 9 years old. The child was in the grip of a psychiatric crisis and threatened to kill herself. As in the case of the Floyd tragedy, a video clip, recorded by an officer's bodycam, was released. The police officers wanted to take the girl to hospital, but when she refused, they handcuffed her, pushed her into the snow and forced her into a police car, using pepper spray. The brutal manners used in attempting to get the child into the squad car were filmed and broadcast for the world to see the use of force by American police. The officers said they were 'forced' to use this method to ensure the safety of the girl, but Rochester Mayor Lovely Warrenn condemned the officers' methods and use of force against a minor and announced an internal investigation. This episode recalled the one that took place in 2020, also in Rochester: an African-American, Daniel Prude, suffering from mental disorders, was the victim of an excessive and purposeful use of force by the police.

The video released of the 9-year-old girl is further proof that the police treat people, suffering from psychiatric crises and others, as criminals. This is why the Black Lives Matter movement has broadened its scope, no longer only based on the fight to defend the rights of African-Americans, racial segregation and police brutality, but also to fight discrimination against ethnic minorities and sexual minorities.

The recent US presidential election has uncovered a cauldron of racism and white supremacism deep-rooted in the country and intensified by the economic and social crisis exacerbated by the health emergency caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.

In his plan to revive the country, Build Black Better, US President Joe Biden framed racism as a public health threat and an obstacle to rebuilding a fairer and more robust economy. The process towards eliminating 'systemic racism' from American society will be long and complex, but the verdict in the Floyd case already represents a historic turning point in the history of battles against American police violence, especially against the African-American and Hispanic communities, and is destined to set a historic precedent and accelerate long-overdue police reform at the federal and local levels in the United States.

Translated by Francesca Cioffi

Original version by Valeriana Savino


Sources:

https://www.huffingtonpost.it/entry/derek-chauvin-e-colpevole-ma-il-processo-piu-lungo-e-al-razzismo-usa_it_608036dfe4b0f8db249afde7?ncid=other_huffpostre_pqylmel2bk8&utm_campaign=related_articles

https://www.open.online/2021/02/01/usa-polizia-spray-urticante-manette-bimba-afroamericana-video/

https://www.whitehouse.gov/build-back-better/

https://www.open.online/2020/09/04/usa-sospesi-agenti-uccisione-afroamericano-daniel-prude/

https://pixabay.com/it/photos/dimostrazione-fammi-vedere-5267931/


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  • L'Autore

    Valeriana Savino

    IT_VALERIANA SAVINO

    Valeriana Savino è una giovane studentessa di 24 anni. Nata e cresciuta in Puglia. È laureata in Scienze Politiche, Relazioni Internazionali e Studi Europei presso l’Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”.

    Attualmente frequenta il corso di laurea magistrale in Scienze delle Amministrazioni. Ritiene fortemente che il primo cambiamento necessario per il prossimo futuro sia dare un contributo attivo alla gestione dei servizi pubblici e privati.

    Ha collaborato per tre anni con l’associazione “Giovani nel Mondo” alla promozione del festival delle carriere internazionali. La promozione consisteva nell’organizzare incontri sia in italiano sia in inglese con gli studenti, conferenze con ospiti nazionali e internazionali e fornire informazioni sul festival.

    Da agosto 2019 collabora con l’associazione “Mondo Internazionale”. È autrice nell’area tematica “Diritti Umani” ed “Europa” nell’ambito di Mondo Internazionale Academy. Da novembre 2020 collabora come Policy Analist nell’analisi, ricerca e redazione di politiche pubbliche portate avanti da Mondo Internazionale Hub all’interno di MIPP, l’Incubatore di Politiche Pubbliche.

    È appassionata di diritti umani e di questioni relative all’Europa e non solo. Ascolta podcast per essere sempre aggiornata sul mondo attuale e nel tempo libero leggo libri e guardo serie TV.

    Ama viaggiare, scoprire nuove realtà e mettersi sempre alla prova.

    EN_VALERIANA SAVINO

    Valeriana Savino is a young 24 years old. She is born and raised in Puglia. She has a BA in Political Science, International Relations and European Studies at the University of Bari "Aldo Moro".

    She is currently attending the master's degree in Administration Sciences. She strongly believes that the first necessary change for the near future is to make an active contribution to the management of public and private services.

    She collaborated for three years with the "Giovani nel Mondo" association to promote the internationale career festival. The promotion consisted of organizing meetings both in Italian and in English with students, conferences with national and international guests and providing information on the festival.

    Since August 2019 she has been collaborating with the "Mondo Internazionale" association. She is an author in the thematic area "Human Rights" and "Europe" within the Mondo Internazionale Academy. Since November 2020 she has been collaborating as a Policy Analist in the analysis, research and drafting of public policies carried out by Mondo Internazionale Hub within MIPP, the Public Policy Incubator.

    She is passionate about human rights and issues relating to Europe and beyond. She listens to podcasts to keep up to date on the current world and in free time she reads books and watch TV series.

    She loves to travel, discover new realities and always test herself.

Categories

From the World North America Sections Human Rights Society Law


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#blacklivesmatter #civilrights #right #police #mondointernazionale

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Civil rights violated in the United States of America

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