The stories of the native peoples of North America with their unique mixture of adventure and suffering have always fascinated the general public. Many names of brave Indian warriors such as Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse or Geronimo have entered the common imagination for over a century. The same is true for some tribes of ancient heritage: Sioux, Apache, Cherokee and Cheyenne for example. Although many do not know all the stories related to the brave tribes of the Indians of America, the sad ending common to all of them is widely written in the history books.
Among the many native populations little known is the Hopi tribe. Today the survivors of this mysterious heritage live mainly in a special reserve founded in 1882 in the north-eastern Arizona, surrounded by the Navajo reserve. The Hopi are considered holders of a mystical and impenetrable knowledge. Their fame in mass culture is due to prophecies. One of them would even foresee World War III. The tribe is also known for the annual snake dance and for the katchina, small wooden dolls.
The Hopi farm produce corn, pumpkin and beans. They also produce pottery and carpets. Men and women have specific tasks within the community and family clans have a matrilineal organization. When a man marries and makes a babies, children are considered to belong to the maternal clan. Women own land and house. Testimonies of the Hopi past can be found in the writings of the explorer Marcos de Niza and in the expedition of the spanish conqueror Francisco vázquez de Coronado, both dating back to the 16th century.
The Hopi are descendants of the ancient Anasazi population according to scholars. This particular native people lived between the 7th and 13th centuries in an area approximately including Arizona, Utah, Colorado and New Mexico. The mystery of Anasazi is also due to its extinction, prior to the arrival of Europeans. According to recent studies, global warming and the resulting drought have been fatal. Scholars have speculated that in the last period of its existence this people practiced cannibalism, as some findings would confirm.