Pamukkale, in Turkish “cotton castle”, is a natural place located in Southwestern Turkey, declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. It is a real masterpiece in which nature has taken a role of artist. It is about sediments which, brought by thermal waters flowing from the surrounding mountains, have settled on the soil, creating these suggestive marble terraces. Pamukkale area is in fact rich of thermal springs whose water, saturated with hydro-carbonate, calcium and carbon dioxide, seems to cover the soil with a thin layer of sugar, snow or, as the name says, cotton.
Its charm was firstly noticed by the Romans and, since ancient times, the place has been used for its therapeutic virtues: its thermal waters would in fact be allies of good health, having beneficial effects on heart and givind aid to circulation, digestion, kidneys and other.
Close to these beautiful white tubs, it is possible to admire the archaeological ruins of Hierapolis, called “the sacred city” for the presence of numerous temples and other religious buildings. Founded at the beginning of the 2nd century B.C. from Eumenes II, king of Pergamum, it took its name from the Amazonian queen, Hiera. Lkined to the Hellenistic urban structure, it was destroyed in the 60 year by an earthquake, and later rebuilt with a typical Roman city characteristics. Hierapolis was one of the most important centers in Minor Asia, numerous visitors came from all over Anatolia in order to receive thermal health tratment.
Furthermore, its importance is also due to Philip, one of the twelve apostles, who would have come and died here, making the place an important center of the Christianity.