Diwali, also called Dipavali or Deepawal, is one of the most important Indian celebrations. All the temples, houses, offices and shops are decorated with colorful lights and candles and lamps are lit in all the streets and squares of the country. Although it is a Hindu religious celebration, the “festival of lights”, it is also celebrated by Buddhists, Jainists and Sikhs, who find various customs related to it. Right for this reason it is considered as a real national holiday!
In Hindu religion, Diwaly festival, would represent the occasion of the divine union between Lakhsmi, Goddess of prosperity, and Vishnu. Over the centuries, popular tradition overwhelmed the Goddess cult, bringing out the story of Rama, hero of the Hindu epic and considered one of the most important gods of this religion. Rama, a warrior prince, saved his wife from an evil demon and, after killing him, they returned to their land. Along the way, they found several lamps in order to guide their way to home and, after they reached it, the city was lit up celebrating them, making fireworks shine in the sky.
In both versions and regardless of the religion celebrating it, the festival celebrates justice and light winning over spiritual darkness and evil, and it marks also the beginning of the new year. The celebrations last five days and each day has particular customs. In these days, people wear their best new clothes, pay big attention to their homes care and decoration, and they also give importance to the consolidation of family unit.