What is commonly recognized as "Florentine historical football" is a sport with a very ancient and particularly interesting history.
This game, considered by many to be the "father" of modern football, consists of a challenge between two teams made up of twenty-seven "footballers", a ball and a rectangular playing field covered with sand.
The aim of the game is to bring the ball into the net of the opposing team, thus scoring a point (called "caccia"). Unlike modern football, however, it is advisable to shoot the ball with extreme precision: any error or deviation that exceeds the network defended by the " Datori Indietro" (ie goalkeepers) is equivalent to half hunting for the opposite team.
There are four teams that compete each year in this tournament, represented by the four districts of the city of Florence: the whites of Santo Spirito, the greens of San Giovanni, the blues of Santa Croce and the reds of Santa Maria Novella. The final is held on June 24, the day of the patron saint of the city.
According to some sources, the origins of this sport date back to the second half of the fifteenth century. He then underwent several changes during its existence until the last revision of the regulation and resumption of the demonstration in 1930, in honor of the fourth centenary of the siege of Florence.
Modern rules, however, do not remove the characteristic violence typical of this discipline: seen as a mixture of football, rugby, boxing and Greco-Roman wrestling, in Florentine football it is allowed to land the opponent by tackling.
During the game there are frequent physical confrontations face to face: real "brawls" between players of the opposing teams come to life if both players have shown interest in the clash.
Obviously, clashes between a larger number of footballers are prohibited.
The traditional prize for the winning team, delivered personally by the Maestro di Campo, is a Chianina breed calf.