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Bürkitshi

Culturalmente Imparando

Bürkitshi is the name given to hunters who practice the very ancient eagle hunting method in Kazakhstan. The origin of this practice dates back to the time of Genghis Khan and it is a widespread tradition on the border between Kazakhstan and Mongolia. More specifically, this hunt was born in the mountainous region of Altai, where several groups of hunters settled and taught local art about this art. In fact, it is not unusual to find some practitioners also in Kyrgyzstan and the Chinese region of Xinjiang.

Once upon a time hunting with an eagle was not practiced as a simple sport (which characterizes the current Kazakh sporting landscape): it was a real necessity, above all to face the difficulties of catching game between the insidious mountainous areas.

Today this tradition is celebrated as a national image as well as an intangible heritage of UNESCO. Hunting with an eagle is a sport practiced only by expert bürkitshi, who grow the bird of prey from the few weeks after birth and train it, teaching it to hunt animals such as hares, foxes and marmots.

The steppe golden eagle is the true symbol of Kazakhstan: it is in fact present on the national flag, as a reminder of the ancient empire of Genghis Khan. Today, there are several organized tours that show tourists how to put this art into practice. Furthermore, every year, in February, an important national competition is held that attracts the attention of most of the country, intent on admiring the majesty of an animal that can even reach 2 and a half meters of wingspan.


NOTES:

Repubblica.it - https://www.repubblica.it/2006/05/gallerie/esteri/aquila/1.html

RaiNews - http://www.rainews.it/dl/rainews/media/Falconeria-estrema-Caccia-con-le-aquile-reali-in-Kazakistan-4b333877-42b0-4ce1-b74a-fbb9ce6d1008.html

EricaLeoni.com - https://ericaleoni.com/2018/04/16/caccia-con-le-aquile-in-kazakhstan-e-asia-centrale/

La Rivista Culturale - https://larivistaculturale.com/2018/08/17/la-caccia-con-le-aquile-al-confine-tra-mongolia-e-kazakistan/

Euronews - https://it.euronews.com/2018/09/06/la-falconeria-in-kazakistan-patrimonio-immateriale-dell-unesco


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  • L'Autore

    Pablo Scialino

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