From October 15, the obligation to show the Green Pass has been further extended: after the access to indoor premises of bars and restaurants, gyms, swimming pools, museums and infra-regional transport, it is now also necessary to access all workplaces, public and private. The rule also applies to self-employed and domestic workers in the case of entry into the home of customers.
Despite the umpteenth extension of this measure, the condition of those who are unable to obtain the necessary QR code is still very common. These people are mainly holders of a STP (Straniero Temporaneamente Presente - Temporarily Present Foreigner) or ENI (European Non Enrolled) code. The STP card is issued to non-regularized foreigners who have been in Italy for more than three months and need urgent care, continuous care (for chronic problems) or essential care (for illnesses that are not dangerous in the short term, but which over time can degenerate, putting the person's life at risk). It lasts for six months and is renewable. Because of the need to vaccinate the entire population present on Italian territory, the STP is issued to foreigners for this specific need, and they can then start the procedure to obtain the Green pass, together with the holders of ENI code, i.e. indigent EU citizens not enrolled in the National Health Service. The problem arises, however, when the computer systems do not recognize the eleven-digit codes of the provisional fiscal health card.
According to estimates by ISMU (Initiatives and Studies on Multiethnicity), there are over 700,000 unregulated foreigners in Italy. Of these, 500,000 are irregular migrants, to which must be added some tens of thousands of non-resident EU citizens who work occasionally and who often find themselves in conditions of social fragility. In addition, about 55 thousand people are homeless or unaccompanied foreign minors, while 200 thousand are migrants who have applied for regularization. For all of these individuals, access to the Green pass becomes conditional on the recognition of the provisional health document by the servers, while the regional systems sometimes ask for a residence that the applicants do not have. Adding to the practical difficulties is the absence of clear and complete official information, a lack that in recent days has increased the fear of finding themselves without work for a segment of the population that can already count on an extremely low level of employment protections.
The issue, then, is complicated for those who are in Italy for less than three months and therefore can not enter in possession of the code STP. Without a residence permit, in fact, refugees, asylum seekers and migrants have found themselves unable to make the reservation of the vaccine schedule, as most regional reservation systems require the code of the Italian National Health Card, which is issued to holders of residence permits. If access to the vaccine is in any case guaranteed at the regional level, there is in this case the lack of an identification code necessary to obtain the Green pass.
In a statement released to the Post, Gianfranco Costanzo, director of the National Institute for the Health Promotion of Migrant Populations and the Fight against Poverty-related Diseases, states that "Connecting to the website of the Ministry of Health, now those who are vaccinated and in possession of a Stp card can download the Green Pass. The problem may arise in those regions where the computer platforms have not been updated and therefore do not communicate to the Ministry the data of non-regular foreigners vaccinated. But the difficulties are being overcome. The real stumbling block, that of being able to get foreign citizens vaccinated, has been overcome thanks to our continuous solicitations. Before the computer system of the Ministry did not even recognize the cards Stp, it was impossible to access the reservation of the vaccine".
Very often, in fact, everything depends on the booking platforms: out of 19 regions and 2 autonomous provinces, only 13 give the possibility of access to those who are not registered with the National Health System. Even today you can not do so on the sites of Valle d'Aosta, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Piedmont, Umbria, Lazio, Molise, and autonomous provinces of Bolzano and Trento. In these territories have been organized alternative ways of vaccination as open day, mobile clinics, partnerships with third sector organizations and private social. The Campania Region was the second Italian region after Emilia-Romagna to allow the registration of PTS holders and was the first region to allow them to download the Green Pass.
Usually, in regions in difficulty, voluntary associations are responsible for cross-referencing data on foreign citizens between the databases of the regions and the Ministry, often making up for the shortcomings of the Asl and helping to overcome the language barriers that stand between these individuals and access to health services.
However, some issues still remain difficult to resolve, such as that concerning people vaccinated with vaccines not recognized in Europe and for whom access to the Green Pass is blocked. Such is the case of many caregivers from Eastern European countries, where it is common to use the vaccine Sputnik: in Italy there are over 400,000 regular caregivers and at least as many in the black, and their lack of Green pass - as highlighted by Uecoop - is likely to cause serious problems at the national level, with elderly and sick people deprived of the necessary assistance.
In light of this, the new Green pass bis decree was coined, law no. 126 of September 16, 2021, amending decree-law no. 105 of July 23, 2021. This document marks a step forward for undocumented immigrants and holders of STP, guaranteeing, on the one hand, the right to urgent outpatient treatment and vaccine prophylaxis, and on the other, the assignment "where possible of a provisional COVID-19 green certification or, alternatively, a personal bar code so as to ensure the unambiguous identification of the person vaccinated also by computer means". This is done precisely to "ensure access to canteens and social services" to these categories of individuals.
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