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Australia & Agenda 2030 - notes on the "state of the art"

Our fourteenth round on the "state of the art" of the United Nations 2030 Agenda is dedicated to Australia.

It is the largest country on the continent called Oceania.

Australia is a Parliamentary Federal Monarchy, it has a population of about 25 million people but, if compared to Italy which has more than 60 million inhabitants, it has a much larger territory. It is surrounded by the ocean and enjoys incredible biodiversity, its capital is Canberra and the most used languages ​​are English and those of the first natives.


As for some data related to the United Nations 2030 Agenda, you can see the following:

• Human Development Index: 0.938. 

• As of 2019 there are about 450 homeless people in Sydney [1]. 

• As in many parts of the world, in the face of significant economic growth in recent years (before Covid-19), inequality has increased. To put it in the words of a 2014 poverty report: “Despite 20 years of continuous economic growth, several people in Australia are living without an acceptable standard of living. [...]. " [2]. 

• As of 2012, 13.9% of the population lived below the poverty line. 

• A 2015 report shows instead that “in a country that boasts of its egalitarian traditions, the reality of income inequality and well-being is often learned with amazement. [...] Those who are in the top 20% in terms of income earn 5 times more than those who are in the bottom 20% [...] ”[3].

• In 2017 Australia emitted 1.3% of world CO2 emissions, but with 0.3% of the total population.

• The devastating fires of 2019-2020 led to the disappearance of 1 to 3 billion living beings, as well as the disappearance of millions of hectares of forests [4].

• Covid-19 has not dramatically affected Australia, although there have been economic and health repercussions nonetheless. Total cases 28,848 and healed 25,486 (as of February 7, 2021).

In this context, the Australian authorities have adopted countermeasures, including: 

• A $ 1 billion was invested in mid-2019 to halve the number of homeless people by 2025 [5]. 

• By 2030, Australia aims to reduce CO2 emissions by 26-28% compared to those of 2005. 

• The Emissions Reduction Fund has already had $ 2.55 billion in funding and will be further replenished over the next few years [6]. 

Unfortunately, as of 2020-2021, the lack of complete data on many of the main issues affecting the objectives of the United Nations 2030 Agenda makes it difficult to have a truly comprehensive and adequate framework. As specified on the website of the Australian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, in fact: "The 2030 Agenda cannot be achieved without having good data on the problems we face and the effectiveness of our actions. [...] Australia is supporting a series of initiatives aimed at filling data gaps "[7]. There are ten years to go until the fateful date of 2030 and, despite the timid steps forward, much remains to be done in Australia (and beyond).

As for some data related to the United Nations 2030 Agenda, you can see the following:

• Human Development Index: 0.938. 

• As of 2019 there are about 450 homeless people in Sydney [1]. 

• As in many parts of the world, in the face of significant economic growth in recent years (before Covid-19), inequality has increased. To put it in the words of a 2014 poverty report: “Despite 20 years of continuous economic growth, several people in Australia are living without an acceptable standard of living. [...]. " [2]. 

• As of 2012, 13.9% of the population lived below the poverty line. 

• A 2015 report shows instead that “in a country that prides itself on its egalitarian traditions, the reality of income inequality and well-being is often learned with amazement. [...] Those who are in the top 20% in terms of income earn 5 times more than those who are in the bottom 20% [...] ”[3]. 

[1] Australia declares war on poverty, and Italy? (adnkronos.com). 

[2] Australia, country of rich and poor - L'Indro. 

[3] Australia, country of rich and poor - L'Indro. 

[4] Australia Fires: Latest News, Damage and Affected Areas - GreenStyle.

[5] Australia declares war on poverty, and Italy? (adnkronos.com). 

[6] For full data and explanation, go to this link: Australia's 2030 Emission Reduction Target (pmc.gov.au).

[7] 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development | DFAT.

Translated by Arianna Giannino


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  • L'Autore

    Alessandro Fanetti


    Alessandro Fanetti è nato nel 1988 a Siena e attualmente tratta le questioni inerenti l'Agenda 2030 delle Nazioni Unite per Mondo Internazionale. Da sempre appassionato di geopolitica (con focus sulle aree del centro-sud America ed ex-URSS), collabora anche con l' "Istituto di Alti Studi in Geopolitica e Scienze Ausiliarie" (IsAG) e con "Opinio Juris – Law and Politics Review". Ha conseguito un Master in Intelligence Economica presso lo IASSP di Milano nel 2020 e ha frequentato con successo un corso sulla geopolitica latinoamericana e caraibica promosso dalla "Escuela de Estudios Latinoamericanos y Globales" (ELAG) nel 2021. Infine, è iscritto all' "Associazione Italiana Analisti di Intelligence e Geopolitica" (AIAIG) ed è l'autore di un libro intitolato "Russia: alla ricerca della potenza perduta - Dall'avvento di Putin alle prospettive future di un Paese orfano dell'URSS" (Edizioni Eiffel, 2021).


    Alessandro Fanetti was born in Siena in 1988. Since 2019 he has been writing posts for "Mondo Internazionale" on 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. He has always been passionate about geopolitics (with a particular focus on Latin America and former USSR area), he also writes for IsAG and Opinio Juris - Law and Politics Review. He holds a Master degree in Economic Intelligence and actually he's writing a book about post-Soviet Russia. In the end, he is a member of the AIAIG and he is the author of the book "Russia: alla ricerca della potenza perduta - Dall'avvento di Putin alle prospettive future di un Paese orfano dell'URSS" (Edizioni Eiffel, 2021).

Categories

From the World Oceania Sections Environment & Development Society


Tag

Australia Agenda 2030, ONU

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