She is known as Elizabeth II, the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, but her full name is Elizabeth Alexandra Mary. She succeeded the throne after the death of her father George II, in 1952, at the age of 26 years old. Her royal status made her Queen of 15 independent states, among which Australia and New Zealand, former british colonies and belonging to the Commonwealth. He married the current Duke of Edimburgh, Philip Mountbatten, nephew of George I of Greece and her cousin of 3rd grade, in 1947. They had four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew e Edward. She spent the first months from her accession to the throne in isolation, elaborating the mourning of his father. After this period, she moved to Buckingham Palace while the coronation took place in Westminster the following year, in 1953 – it was the first ceremony to be broadcast on TV. Elisabeth II is deeply beloved by her subjects and her Kingdom is the longest of British history, overcoming the historical record of Queen Victoria, of 63 years and 216 days.
Her powers, so the royal prerogatives, are vast but only formally. The Queen can appoint (and remove) the Prime Minister, dissolve the Parliament, declare war, sign the peace and so on. Over time, though, these functions had been submitted to the Prime Minister himself and to the Parliament – we remember that the United Kingdom hasn’t got a written constitution but it is based on the common law system, which lies its foundations on precedents. The Queen has also the right to approve or reject the laws’ projects and she has the title of “Supreme Governor of the Anglican Church”, thus, she has the duty of enacting everything which is decided by the Parliament as regards the Church. To confirm her characteristic of role model, in 2012 she was defined as the most influent woman of the world by the Forbes magazine. There are numerous films in which the Elizabeth II character appears and the Queen herself acted as an actress in the short film “Happy & Glorious”, realised for the opening ceremony for the 30th Olimpic Games in London, in July, 2012.
Marta Annalisa Savino