Today is remembered the anniversary of the event that marked and revolutionized the history of the contemporary world.
A moment that has given hope to the peoples of the whole world, following centuries and centuries of terrible wars and of the two disastrous world conflicts.
A moment to safeguard peace, security, future generations, international cooperation, fundamental human rights, economic and social progress, values of equality and dignity.
A moment for the peaceful resolution of international disputes, for the self-determination of peoples, for the progressive development of international law,
A moment that few people thought would come and that definitively sanctioned the overcoming of the premature bankruptcy attempt represented by the League of Nations.
That moment was exactly in this day 74 years ago: on 24 October 1945, with the ratification by the signatories gathered in San Francisco, the Charter of the United Nations, constitutive statute of the UN, came into force.
It is the intergovernmental organization par excellence: 193 States of the world adhere to it, among which we recognize the 5 permanent members, main winners of the Second World War: United States, China, Russia, Great Britain and France.
To reduce the composition of the Organization with numbers, we count: six main bodies, four Special Courts, twenty-seven bodies set up by the General Assembly, fourteen offices and administrative departments and twenty-eight special commissions for the coordination of economic and social activity.
As clear the global action that the United Nations is carrying out is, let’s go through the main goals and objectives supported, introduced by Chapter I (Ends and principles) of the UN Charter:
1. To maintain international peace and security by promoting the peaceful resolution of disputes;
2. To encourage friendly relations and international cooperation among nations on the basis of respect for the principle of equality between states and the self-determination of peoples;
3. Promote economic and social cooperation;
4. Promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms of all individuals;
5. Promote respect for international law and encourage its progressive development, its codification and its international system.
On October 24th of each year, there is the official celebration day of the United Nations, celebrated since 1948 with the aim of spreading awareness among citizens of the principles, aims, objectives and goals that the UN supports, has supported and will support.
Conferences and debates are organized today in all member countries with the aim of informing citizens of the importance of the United Nations and international cooperation.