The context in which we place ourselves is that of the second half of the 90s. We are in Eastern Europe, and specifically in the autonomous province of Kosovo, at that time part of the Union of the Republics of Serbia and Montenegro since the end of the Second World War.
Starting in the 1980s, the situation in the province became increasingly problematic, just as the feeling of a near conflict became increasingly perceptible.
When in 1989 the Serbian government decided to revoke the status of autonomous province in Kosovo, to install Serbian officials and to close autonomous schools, it at the same time fomented the nationalist movements that had already begun to claim independence in the province. Soon the province, made up mostly of citizens of Albanian origin, began the Resistance, first in unwanted form and shortly thereafter also in armed form.
What follows will be remembered in the years as the Kosovo War, affecting the years from 1996 to 1999. The conflict was very bloody, characterized by constant abuses and violations of human and political rights towards the population of Kosovo.
With the intensification of the international community's interest in the situation and the continued unraveling of the Union towards the possibility of peaceful negotiation, on March 24, 1999, NATO (Organization of the North Atlantic Treaty) intervened against Serbia thus leading his first armed attack on an independent sovereign country. The operation took the name of Allied Force and had the aim of strategically stopping the armed and violent advance of Serbia, while at the same time trying to reopen the diplomatic route to possible agreements.
This operation was highly controversial due to the NOT received official confirmation to approve this intervention by the United Nations Security Council.
The operation lasted more than two months and saw Europe and Italy particularly involved, active in attacking the Serbian military presence in Kosovo by air and sea.
With the surrender of Serbia, the bombing ended and so did the war. The parties agreed to withdraw the Belgrade armed forces from Kosovo and establish the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), a United Nations interposition force.
During the conflict, more than 8,000 died, while over 300,000 Albanian citizens who decided to emigrate to Central Europe.
Kosovo proclaimed itself independent on February 17, 2008, 93 states recognized its independence, while 95 others did not, including primarily Serbia, which still stands claiming the country's membership status.