17 October 1970

Accade Oggi

Egyptian politician and military man, a criticized character for the autocratic regime he supported, Nobel Peace Prize winner, target of a murderous attack, this and much more was the protagonist of today’s #Accadeoggi: Muhammad Anwar al Sadat.

As Vice-President under his colleague and friend Gamāl Abd al-Nāṣer, on 17 October 1970 he will officially succeed him by becoming the third President of the Arab Republic of Egypt.
An institutional figure that has marked Egyptian history due to the political and diplomatic choices made, although for the same it was also highly criticized.

There are two fundamental analyses to highlight in order to discuss the history of this character.

First, domestic policy choices: Anwar al Sadat has been criticized internally and internationally for the autocratic regime he advocated. The repressive measures were serious, including the persecution of the opposition, the restriction of press freedom, the violent suppression of internal revolts and the execution of arbitrary arrests. With the radical detachment from the previous "Nasserist" socialist system and the opening of the country's economy to foreign companies, the situation deteriorated further due to the economic crisis, which exacerbated the discontent of the population and various Islamic and student organizations against it.

Secondly, bilateral relations with the neighbour Israel.

Despite the great internal consensus boasted following the attack on Israel in 1973 in what was later known as the Kippur war (in the Arab word "Ramadan war"), Anwar al Sadat's legitimacy diminished drastically after the diplomatic reopening in Israel that happened with the Camp David agreements. It will indeed be the commitment spent in the Israeli-Egyptian peace process that will guarantee the Egyptian President and the Israeli minister Menachem Begin the award of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978.

After 11 years of Presidency, Anwar al Sadat will be assassinated in Cairo in October 1981, the attacker's motivations fell on the President's decisions to open up to Israel and detach from the "Rejection Front" - the union of the Arab countries supporting the Palestinian cause.

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  • L'Autore

    Giulia Geneletti

    Laureata con lode in Scienze Politiche presso l'Università degli Studi di Milano, curiosa, intraprendente e sempre motivata da nuove avventure ed esperienze. Ha svolto diverse esperienze lavorative, formative e di volontariato in Italia e all'estero. Si interessa di politiche pubbliche, relazioni internazionali, comunicazione politica, affari europei e di consulenza.
    Giulia è entrata nella community di Mondo Internazionale nel Giugno 2019 ed ha da allora ricoperto diversi ruoli sia di redazione che di direzione. Ad oggi è Direttore di Mondo Internazionale HUB, all'interno del quale ha dato vita al progetto di MIPP, l'Incubatore di Politiche Pubbliche di Mondo Internazionale.

    Graduated with honors in Political Science from the University of Milan, curious, proactive and always motivated by new adventures and experiences. She has had several work, training and volunteer experiences in Italy and abroad. She is interested in public policy, international relations, political communication, European affairs and consultancy.
    Giulia joined the Mondo Internazionale community in June 2019 and has since held various editorial and management roles. To date she is Director of Mondo Internazionale HUB, within which she gave life to the project of MIPP, the Public Policy Incubator of Mondo Internazionale.



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