Egyptian politician and military man, a criticized character for the autocratic regime he supported, Nobel Peace Prize winner, target of a murderous attack, this and much more was the protagonist of today’s #Accadeoggi: Muhammad Anwar al Sadat.
As Vice-President under his colleague and friend Gamāl Abd al-Nāṣer, on 17 October 1970 he will officially succeed him by becoming the third President of the Arab Republic of Egypt.
An institutional figure that has marked Egyptian history due to the political and diplomatic choices made, although for the same it was also highly criticized.
There are two fundamental analyses to highlight in order to discuss the history of this character.
First, domestic policy choices: Anwar al Sadat has been criticized internally and internationally for the autocratic regime he advocated. The repressive measures were serious, including the persecution of the opposition, the restriction of press freedom, the violent suppression of internal revolts and the execution of arbitrary arrests. With the radical detachment from the previous "Nasserist" socialist system and the opening of the country's economy to foreign companies, the situation deteriorated further due to the economic crisis, which exacerbated the discontent of the population and various Islamic and student organizations against it.
Secondly, bilateral relations with the neighbour Israel.
Despite the great internal consensus boasted following the attack on Israel in 1973 in what was later known as the Kippur war (in the Arab word "Ramadan war"), Anwar al Sadat's legitimacy diminished drastically after the diplomatic reopening in Israel that happened with the Camp David agreements. It will indeed be the commitment spent in the Israeli-Egyptian peace process that will guarantee the Egyptian President and the Israeli minister Menachem Begin the award of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978.
After 11 years of Presidency, Anwar al Sadat will be assassinated in Cairo in October 1981, the attacker's motivations fell on the President's decisions to open up to Israel and detach from the "Rejection Front" - the union of the Arab countries supporting the Palestinian cause.