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12 December 1963

Accade Oggi

It was the thirty-fourth African State to gain independence, it saw the leadership of Jomo Kenyatta, leader of the country's independent party and first President of the Republic, it counted more than 10 thousand deaths and finally experienced, on December 12, 1963, the colonial split from the British Empire: we are talking about Kenya.

With the inclusive elections of May 27, 1963, a black majority was reached for the first time, which succeeded, a few months later, in putting an end to the systematic exploitation of the territory carried on by almost a century of English protectorate. Specifically, the "Land Acquisition Order" of 1902 guaranteed the white settlers the possibility of acquiring land (inhabited) and obtaining its supremacy. At the end of the First World War, in the country white people reached 1% of the population even if they occupied 25% of the land. All of this in an African context where the inhabitants of rural areas attribute to the earth a different concept from the Western one, prone to the establishment of a strongly spiritual and identity relationship.

The Mau-Mau Uprising, led by the Kikuyu ethnic group and lasted more than 8 years, made the government declare the state of emergency and eventually achieve its programmatic objective of opposition to colonial rule in the mid-1960s, with the Kenya Independence Act.

From that day the country officially became the Republic of Kenya and a member of the United Nations. The symbolic flag still present today was adopted and it rehires the traditional Maasai sword in a spectrum of different emblematic colors: black to represent the majority of the population, red to remember the blood shed in the struggle for freedom, green to indicate the natural prosperity of the country and white for peace.


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  • L'Autore

    Giulia Geneletti

    Laureata con lode in Scienze Politiche presso l'Università degli Studi di Milano, curiosa, intraprendente e sempre motivata da nuove avventure ed esperienze. Ha svolto diverse esperienze lavorative, formative e di volontariato in Italia e all'estero. Si interessa di politiche pubbliche, relazioni internazionali, comunicazione politica, affari europei e di consulenza.
    Giulia è entrata nella community di Mondo Internazionale nel Giugno 2019 ed ha da allora ricoperto diversi ruoli sia di redazione che di direzione. Ad oggi è Direttore di Mondo Internazionale HUB, all'interno del quale ha dato vita al progetto di MIPP, l'Incubatore di Politiche Pubbliche di Mondo Internazionale.


    Graduated with honors in Political Science from the University of Milan, curious, proactive and always motivated by new adventures and experiences. She has had several work, training and volunteer experiences in Italy and abroad. She is interested in public policy, international relations, political communication, European affairs and consultancy.
    Giulia joined the Mondo Internazionale community in June 2019 and has since held various editorial and management roles. To date she is Director of Mondo Internazionale HUB, within which she gave life to the project of MIPP, the Public Policy Incubator of Mondo Internazionale.

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