tardi. Nel 2017 il numero di divorzi concessi in Italia ammontarono a 91 629. 
The one for the abrogation of the divorce law was the first popular referendum held in Italy.
On May 12, 1974, Italian citizens went to the polls to decide whether they wanted to repeal the Fortuna-Baslini law , which 4 years earlier had introduced the possibility of the dissolution of marriage contracted under the Civil Code. 
Since the first debates in Parliament for the approval of the law, the opposition led by the Democrazia Cristiana party, Movimento Sociale Italiano and the monarchists advanced strong controversies and criticisms. The protests went so far that, on their proposal, the anti-divorcees advanced the request for an abrogative referendum. One million and three hundred thousand signatures were filed with the Court of Cassation, which was followed by the passing of the check at the Central Office for the referendum and the positive judgment of admissibility of the Constitutional Court.
The one in 1974 was the first abrogative referendum because, although the provisions of the Constitutions already allowed this instrument of direct democracy, the Italian legislator disciplined the matter with a substantial delay. In fact, the law n. 352  regulating the Referendum and the people's legislative initiative was promulgated only in 1970.
The results of the referendum saw the highest turnout ever recorded: as many as 87.7% of those entitled to vote went to the polls, recording a no win of 59.3%, over the yes of 40.7%, thus allowing the law on divorce to remain in force.
The divorce law was changed three times over the years. According to the National Statistics Institute , the trend of divorces and separations is constantly growing, as is the tendency to get married later in life. In 2017 the number of divorces granted in Italy amounted to 91629.